Were European Neanderthals Killed Off By Early Modern Humans?

I’ve been fascinated by this question for years.  My suspicion has always been that we played a major role in the extinction of the Neanderthals, and the evidence has been building over the past decade.  Right off the bat there’s the timing of their demise.  Neanderthals had lived in Europe for at least 300,000 years braving all sorts of dramatic climate changes, then we showed up and they were gone in about 5,000 years – a geologic eye blink.  There’s a lot of arguing among archeologists and anthropologists about just how fast it was – whether it was 5,000 years […]